Clean and safe drinking water is a birth right of every living being. In the recent years the world has witnessed an exponential growth in population, which led to growth in industries and that in turn has led to rise in industrial waste. For ages rivers have been used as dumping ground for all sort of wastes and industries have been blindly pouring out their toxic waste into the rivers without realizing that their temporary measure would become a permanent problem for the human beings.
There are certain water bodies, like the river Yamuna in Delhi, that have become so toxic that people passing by can see toxic foams floating on it. It just doesn’t pollute the water in the river, but also contaminates the ground water. But, people need water and they are drinking the same water. Some people by purifying it, while lesser fortunate drink it as it is. In both cases, people are drinking adulterated water that is full of toxins, which spoils their health and well-being.
According to World Health Organization, there are several adverse health outcomes, such as infectious diarrhea, are associated with ingestion of unsafe water. The global agency states that approximately 3.1% of deaths are attributed worldwide due to exposure to unsafe water, combined with unsafe sanitation and hygiene. WHO’s data reveal that unsafe drinking water causes about 361,000 deaths among children under the age of 5 every year.
Impact on Children’s Health
At some places in the world it has been found that the pollution leads to rise of sulphur dioxide in the air, which when get mixed with water, becomes sulphuric acid; a highly toxic thing. Another highly dangerous toxic waste is lead. Lead affects all the organs of the body and affects the IQ of a child the most.
- As a parent if you have a doubt regarding the quality of water in your area, just get it checked from some reliable agency.
- Use a good quality water purifier and review its condition every few weeks.
- A modern man is also a socially conscious being. Show your social responsibility by sharing your filtered water with at least one less fortunate family, so that at least one more family can be saved from consuming toxic water.
Conserving the health of the rivers and keeping the ground water clean cannot be done by an individual, but when several individual join hand and fight for their basic human rights, many things can be set right. Several government and non-government agencies are working towards giving best to our future generation.
- ”Chapter 4: Environmental Risks – The World Health Report”, WHO
- ”Water Pollution”, Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change, Government of India